[quote]Bill Roberts wrote:
Bill Roberts wrote:
I’d be interested to know more, and to know accurately, what the current situation is in China in these regards.
I wrote a long, drunken post that answered these questions. But then I don’t think I’ll post it. PM and I’ll give 'er a shot though.
Anyway, the long an the short of it is that China is a poor, developing country. Technology transfers account for a lot of their rapid growth. But really, the formula they have used was Government-led, slow liberalization + export oriented growth. There are still tons of SOEs (state owned enterprises) but fewer every year. They still dont’ have property rights, but they do have a sort of de-facto property rights in the form of leases on the land. The US cannot “copy” China because the US is nothing like China. We don’t have millions living on less than $1/day starving to death and dreaming of a chance to work in a smoke filled factory so their kids can go to school.
If you want to know more, ask. Looking up random economic articles on developing countries is second nature to me. And I’ve got access to almost every scholarly journal and article you could want. Hell, look it up yourself on google scholar. If you need the article just ask and send an e-mail address where I can send the PDF.
Actually the main questions I have are the kind that ordinarily would not be answered in an economics article or I would think readily findable with Google Scholar, but you still might well know. Hopefully so.
The principal two being, Are people in general, or at least some people, still ordered by the government that they must work at a given place? [/quote]
I’d have to look this up to be certain, but off the top of my head I would guess “yes” but also that it’s not pervasive. People are ordered to “live” in certain areas or at least they’re denied movement visas. China is big and their coasts are where a lot of the development is occurring. This means people want to move there (want to work in that factory). But it’s not like moving from Wisconsin to New York, in China they have to ask permission from the government to move across “state/province” lines. So often this does limit one’s employment options.
While I would guess that there would be instances of people being ordered to do this or that. The MO seems to be to simply buy people off. It’s easy to do with most of the dirt poor people. When China built the 3 gorges damn they bought off whole towns that they were planning to flood (and did).
However, freedom of speech is so repressed, it’s hard to know for certain of a lot of things or peoples attitudes.
[quote]And, is any individual who is not in trouble with the government able, if he has the idea and makes the contacts and raises the capital, to create and run his own business? Or, for the most part, does it take the right Party connections to succeed?
Your question seems strange. I wouldn’t know of a way to “make the contacts” without having Party connections. Just about everything is run through the Party. The party is the government. So if one wanted to start a business, they would need to get the paperwork/etc which would mandate they need to go through the government. I think Transparency International puts the “days to start a business” at around 35 (I think it’s about 10 in developed countries and less in some). This has been a decent corruption gauge for awhile now. I’d have to look it up though.