Vitamins and minerals are cofactors in enzymatic processes. Vitamins and minerals for that reason are best taken with food. That’s when they’re most useful.
There are two types of vitamins, those that are water soluble and those that are fat soluble. The body can store the fat soluble vitamins for use at a later time. But it can’t do that with water-soluble vitamins. With water-soluble vitamins the body takes all of what it needs at that precise time and excretes the rest, which is why you get more bang for the buck if you take your vitamins in divided doses; the more the better.
I use a multivitamin made by the Life Extension Foundation. They’re not cheap, but it’s the foundation of my whole supplementation program. It’s a 3-times-per day multi.
The reason I recommended a good proteolytic enzyme complex (which should be taken on an empty stomach, by the way) and MSM is because I’m anticipating that Lama[G]'s father will experience some pain, inflammation, DOMS with starting to work out. The MSM and proteolytic enzymes will help with the pain, inflammation, building and repair. MSM is also protective of joints. I probably should have recommended glucosamine into my recommendations, too, as it also is joint protective.
Dosing? MSM a couple of grams three times a day would be great. I buy it in bulk and add it to my protein shakes. Glucosamine should be taken at 1.5g per day, divided doses. Proteolytic enzymes can be taken in between meals as many times a day as you would like. Proteolytic enzymes help with breaking down damaged protein structures and replacing/repairing/rebuilding said protein structures. If you want the best, I’d recommend Wobenzym. If you’re a college student on a budget, I recommend bromelain, 2400 GDU by NOW.
I hope that makes sense. If I missed anything or if you have questions, don’t hesitate to ask. (grin)