Any routine can be proven effective
But as others mentioned, your intention is what is going to narrow it down for you
What you're asking for is an array of options that can't be properly explained without writing up an entire article.
But wait, I believe Colucci has already mentioned Chad Waterbury, who is a proven coach to look up regarding tried and true material (TBT). 100's of his articles can be found through a simple google search.
I understand picking a program for beginners is exciting, but it's also important for you because you don't want to be stuck on a program that doesn't necessarily NOT work, but a program that you don't BELIEVE in. Such is the case with most if not all beginners.
If that's the case, pick up some books and/or go through material from various coaches. Then you can probably deduce what YOU think would work for you.
But if you would ask me personally, I'd say push ups, pull ups, and squats. All weighted, or just bodyweight, for a 30 - 45 minute circuit for 3 - 15 reps each.
And don't forget to perform them correctly. And if you currently think you do know how, than it's likely that you really don't.