I came across this quote from Arnold recently:
“The last three or four reps is what makes the muscle grow. This area of pain divides the champion from someone else who is not a champion. That’s what most people lack, having the guts to go on and just say they’ll go through the pain no matter what”
Personally I disagree with most of it. From my understanding exercise beyond a certain point of momentary effort (i.e. intensity) AND over and above an individuals existing abilities can trigger growth and increased thickness of muscle fibres through a variety of factors. These include micro damage to the existing muscle fibres and release of a number of hormones (including some as yet unidentified - e.g. Evitagen). Sufficient nutrition, rest and water allow that growth to manifest itself. This increased muscle thickness remains “live” on the body providing it is needed and supported. The last few reps are indeed painful and most people do lack the ability to go there. HOWEVER - your emerging evidence is suggesting that the growth mechanisms are better triggered by working just short of this point. The implication from Arnold’s statement is that anyone can be a champion provided they are prepared to train hard enough. Arnold had great and engaging rhetoric but his use of PEDs CANNOT be understated or denied.
I wondered what your thoughts were as Arnold was and still is so influential in exercise - in different ways probably as influential as Jones.