T Nation

Sprint Training


#1

I came across the 6 week sprinting solution on here, and I am trying to adjust it to accommodate a goal. I will be testing for various police departments, and one of the testing requirements is to run 300m in 62 seconds. I have been running the past couple of months(training to run the 1.5 mile in 14 minutes), and working with a personal trainer for the strength training necessary for the push ups, sit ups and weight loss.

I am wondering if anyone has any suggestions as to how to adjust the 6 week plan for my goals? I run outside on a high school track which is used in testing for certain departments. After accounting for the outside running, should I just multiply everything times 3 since the 6 week plan appears to be for 100 m?

I don't want to injure myself obviously, however I do want to bust this out as soon as possible. I have not been a runner in the past, but in the past couple of months I would definitely say my body has benefited from and adapted well to "learning how to run".


#2

I’d never seen that program before.

Since you’re already training for the 1.5 mile, you’re already getting some of the “distance” component covered.

Doing the sprint part of that program, as is, should be fine.

If you want to double the numbers, that might be slightly better for your goals.

I wouldn’t triple it.


#3

From my (limited) experience, the 100m and 300m are very different beasts, so going for a program for 300/400m is potentially a better fit.


#4

[quote]dagill2 wrote:
From my (limited) experience, the 100m and 300m are very different beasts, so going for a program for 300/400m is potentially a better fit.[/quote]
Agreed. a 100m sprint is an all out effort for the entire time. A 300m is NOT. Work in the 200-400m range.


#5

I have a little experience with running track intervals, nothing competitive, but as a personal challenge I’m currently trying to lower my 400m time.

My advice would be to run track intervals twice a week. One day run 2-4 x 400m, then 4-6 x 200m with a 2:1 rest:work ratio. The next day run 2-4 x 300m with full recovery, working on top-end speed. Again, I’m no expert, but this approach has worked for me. Best of luck!


#6

[quote]Ecchastang wrote:

[quote]dagill2 wrote:
From my (limited) experience, the 100m and 300m are very different beasts, so going for a program for 300/400m is potentially a better fit.[/quote]
Agreed. a 100m sprint is an all out effort for the entire time. A 300m is NOT. Work in the 200-400m range.[/quote]
See, I disagree with this, but I was also a runner. Everything up to 400m was actually considered a sprint, and treated like a sprint, and trained like a sprint. By sprint, I actually mean, all out effort the entire time.

Regardless of how you look at it, the basics are going to be the same.

If you’re training for a specific distance, say, 300m, your training should consist of distances somewhat longer than that, and somewhat shorter than that.

On some days, you’ll need to be doing some hard work in the 400-600m range, trying to push up that pace. It’s going to be slower than your 300m time, simply because you lose speed as the distance increases. This is slightly more aerobic.

Assuming he’s also training for the 1.5 mile, he’s got some additional aerobic training there, but if not, do some work where you’re running a mile or more.

On other days, you’ll need to be doing some speed work in the 100-200m range. You want to train yourself to be able to do a full out sprint for as long as you possibly can, and you want these speeds to increase between sessions. Make sure you leave enough days to recover after this.

And then you want to train to bridge the shorter and longer work, and interval work is great for this. E.g, 100-200m sprint/runs with short rests. Not quite as fast as your speed work, not quite as slow as your 300m pace.

An example, numbers simplified for the sake of an example:

Let’s say your 300m pace is currently 60 seconds, or 20s per 100m.

Your “longer” days, you would run a few 600m runs, trying to increase that pace. Say 23s per 100, or 1:18 for the 600.

Your “speed” days, you would do a few 200m sprints, and make sure you rest between them. You want these to be fast, so you’ll need more than a minutes rest between them if you’re pushing them. Aim for something like a 16s pace per 100, or 32s for the 200.

Your “interval” days, you’re trying to bridge the speed with the endurance. You want much less rest than your speed days, since you’re targeting recovery ability. You can either run your intervals at a faster pace than your 300m pace, and/or at a longer distance than 300m.

You can start with something like 6 sets of 100m at 20s. You’ll want to do a minimum of 6 intervals, and if you’re doing it right, you’ll want to be collapsing about halfway through. The whole point is to tax your recovery ability, where you’re not quite ready to run when it’s time to start running, and you don’t want your speed to degrade.

I would say it’s better to get a bunch of “perfect” intervals, where the first couple feel a bit slow, but you hit the pace on every one of them, than to keep getting slower as you go on. Then, next time, drop your target times a bit, and do the same thing. It somewhat defeats the purpose if your intervals look like: 15s, 16s, 18s, 21s, 24s, 26s. Assuming that your 300m pace is 20s per 100: first session, do 6x100 at 22s. Then 21s.

A stopwatch (not a wrist watch) and a track were the way we used to do these. A phone is probably too big, but I dunno, we didn’t have those back then. Here and there we had a coach yelling out the seconds, but mostly it was just us with our own stopwatches.

Besides working on just the building blocks… speed, endurance, and intervals… you’re also just training yourself so your body knows what a certain pace “feels” like. This is where the stopwatch is really useful/important. You should develop a pretty good intuitive feeling of exactly how fast you’re running over time.


#7

Yeah, so, basically what erik said. Different way to structure it, but similar idea.


#8

To run 300 meters in 62 seconds you need run at a speed of about 5 meters per second.

I would just do tempo runs and gradually increase the distance.

Week 1: Mon and Thursday (or two days with a few days between them) 12x50 meter runs in 10 seconds with 45 seconds between runs. Run as relaxed as possible. Do not strain or push yourself.

Week 2: Mon and Thurs 12x50 meters relaxed in 10 seconds with 30 seconds recovery

Week 3: Mon and Thursday 6x2x50 meter split runs. Run 50 meters then turn around and run back with no rest. Shoot for 22-23 seconds per run. 60 seconds recovery between runs. Run very relaxed

Week 4: Mon and Thursday 6x2x50 meter split runs. 45 seconds recovery

Week 5 6x100 meter relaxed runs in 20 seconds. 60 seconds recovery between runs

Week 6 6x100 meter relaxed runs in 20 seconds. 45 seconds recovery.

Week 7 3x2x100 meter split runs in 42-43 seconds. Run 100 meters then turn around and immediately run back. 60 second recovery. Do this two more times

Week 8 3x2x100 meter split runs. 45 second recovery between runs.

At this point you should be able to do the 300 meter test. The goal in these workouts it to run at a very even relaxed pace. You don’t ever want to go all out. Try to run at the same speed.

On two other days of the week you should do some general aerobic work as well. Get your heart rate around 130-150 beats per minute and keep it there for 20-30 minutes. You can do whatever exercise you want for this, treadmill, swimming, weights, bodyweight exercises, boxing, biking,hiking whatever.

Easy 8 week cycle, ALWAYS RUN RELAXED