“Does a higher insulin level cause a higher percentage of glucose begin stored as adipose tissue (as opposed to glycogen)?
If so, why?”
yes, according to an article here on t-mag. i forget what it is, though it might have been one of those “news” ones about nutrition. i think there was a picture of two vials of blood in it, too, if that helps at all.
but the reason was that muscles only respond to moderate amounts of insulin normally, so if you go above that amount on insulin, you will be storing fat as well.
"Does a low insulin sensitivity cause a higher percentage of glucose begin stored as adipose tissue (as opposed to glycogen)?
If so, why?
yes. the reason is that adipose tissue is the last place to lose sensitivity. i forget the exact chain of things, but it’s something like first muscles lose, then liver loses, and then fat loses sensitivity. again, i’m not sure if that order is correct, but that’s approximate.
“Does a higher insulin level cause a faster storage of glucose?”
“Is glucose normally only stored as adipose tissue when all glycogen storage space is full?
If not, what is normally the ratio in which glucose is stored as adipose tissue, muscle glycogen and liver glycogen?”
i can’t answer this for sure, but if you don’t mind, i’ll do a little guessing here.
my guess is that whether or not glycogen stores are filled first depends on the amount of insulin in the blood and insulin sensitivity. if insulin levels are too high, then most of the glucose would theoretically be stored as fat. this is due to the thing mentioned before about how muscles only response to so much insulin normally. so if glycogen stores in the muscles were slightly down, i would say that glucose could be stored as fat before glycogen is restored (or around the same time). and if you’re insulin sensitivity is shot, then i think this would be even more the case.
if your muscles are depleted of glycogen, then i would think their sensitivity would be greatly increased.
hope this is of some help.