"Muscles undergoing heavy eccentric loading suffer greater damage when overloaded (such as during muscle building or strength training exercise) as compared to concentric loading. When eccentric contractions are used in weight training they are normally called “negatives”.
During a concentric contraction muscle fibers slide across each other pulling the Z-lines together. During an eccentric contraction, the filaments slide past each other the opposite way, though the actual movement of the myosin heads during an eccentric contraction is not known.
Exercise featuring a heavy eccentric load can actually support a greater weight (muscles are approximately 10% stronger during eccentric contractions than during concentric contractions) and also results in greater muscular damage and delayed onset muscle soreness one to two days after training.
Exercise that incorporates both eccentric and concentric muscular contractions (i.e. involving a strong contraction and a controlled lowering of the weight) can produce greater gains in strength than concentric contractions alone. While unaccustomed heavy eccentric contractions can easily lead to overtraining, moderate training may confer protection against injury"
- Brooks, G.A; Fahey, T.D. & White, T.P. (1996). Exercise Physiology: Human Bioenergetics and Its Applications. (2nd ed.)… Mayfield Publishing Co.
- Colliander EB, Tesch PA (1990). “Effects of eccentric and concentric muscle actions in resistance training”. Acta Physiol. Scand. 140 (1): 31ï¿½??9. PMID 2275403.
OK, so who here uses these regularly during training (at least one exercise or 3-4 sets) and has seen decent results?
Currently I do a slow negative on hamstring curls and calves, other than that I haven’t used them much. They make me sore as hell, but is it beneficial?