what are the technical differences between these two?
what are their specific applications? (ie what goals does each movement suit ie a jerk is better for xyz whereas a push press is better for abc)
what are best set/rep ranges and rest periods for maximal strength and hypertrophy gains? would 10x3 with 1min rest work?
which is better for athletes?
A strong leg drive to start is used in both lifts.
A push press is after the leg drive, you finish with a pressing of the shoulders. Your feet don’t leave the start position and your legs are straight.
A push jerk is after the leg drive, you have to catch the bar with the arms locked. There is no pressing of the shoulders. In order to meet the bar with locked arms, you will have to dip your legs a bit. If you have to dip deep to catch or ride the weight into a squat, it is a squat jerk.
A split jerk is after the leg drive, you split your legs to catch the bar in the overhead position with straight arms. No pressing out of the bar is allowed.