I can't remember where I read something along the lines of "so, it's legal for a woman to take oral contraceptives, which will increase her E levels to about <10...100...forgot exact number> times the normal physiological level [...] while a man taking test which will increase his levels to the physiological- high level is a criminal."
Anyone know how much do the pills actually increase E levels above physiological levels?
Even if pills are "illegal" without a prescription, I don't think a woman who'd take pills w/o prescription would face criminal charges. Also, doctors prescribe them for anything and everything, like acne, and to anyone who asks them (presuming that that someone doesn't have some incredible CV risk or anything else that could be aggravated by extra exogenous hormones).
But doctors won't prescribe test/D-bol etc. if you want to get bigger/stronger faster (even if you're not an athlete).
And this isn't a simplistic "look at the difference in how society treats male hormones vs female hormone" issue as you've tried to frame it. AAS are scheduled drugs for a variety of mostly foolish reasons, thus yes, the penalties will certainly be higher for unprescribed use.