"The Lie: ?Of course, no one supposed that Mao literally murdered tens of millions of people,
or that he ?intended? that any die at all.?20
The Truth: Mao spoke of sacrificing 300 million people, or half of China?s population. He
warned that the policies he later adopted would kill 50 million people. Grain exported by the
communists was sufficient to feed the numbers who starved to death, which they privately
estimated at 30 million.21"
"The Lie: ?There are many things to object to in any society. But take China, modern China;
one also finds many things that are really quite admirable? [In China] a good deal of the
collectivization and communization was really based on mass participation and took place
after a level of understanding had been reached in the peasantry that led to this next step.?16
The Truth: The communists reduced 550 million peasants to slavery. They forced at least 90
million to work on furnace-building projects alone. When famine resulted, they cut the food
ration and used mass terror to stop the peasants eating their own harvest. Victims, including
children, were tortured, buried alive, strangled or mutilated.17"
"The Lie: ?[Regarding] China?s actions in Tibet? it is a bit too simple to say that ?China did
indeed take over a country that did not want to be taken over.? This is by no means the general
view of Western scholarship.?12
The Truth: The Chinese invasion provoked massive popular uprisings. Mao welcomed the
Tibetan resistance because it could be crushed by force. State terror and man-made famine
had killed up to 500,000 Tibetans by the mid-1960s.13"
"The Lie: ?Internal [Soviet] crimes abated [after 1945]; though remaining very serious they
were scarcely at the level of typical American satellites, a commonplace in the Third World,
where the norms of Western propriety do not hold.?5
The Truth: In 1947, the Soviets withheld food from famine victims, causing up to 1.5 million
deaths.6 During 1945-53, there were over 300,000 officially recorded deaths in the Gulag; by 1953, the slave population exceeded 5.2 million.7 No American satellite ? whether in Europe
or in Latin America ? was guilty of anything even remotely comparable."
"The Lie: ?Western norms require that we compare Eastern and Western Europe to
demonstrate our virtue and their vileness, a childish absurdity? Elementary rationality would
lead someone interested in alternative social and economic paths to compare societies that
were more or less alike before the Cold War began, say Russia or Brazil? Such comparisons,
if honestly undertaken, would elicit some self-reflection among decent people??3
The Truth: In Russia, Lenin?s food confiscations inflicted famine on over 33 million people,
including 7 million children, and left 4-5 million dead; Stalin?s assault on the peasants killed
another 8.5 million, half of them children.4 Brazil experienced nothing of the kind."
anyone willing to argue?