Awesome work on dishing out more info, man. So much so that I can now overlook your uncanny resemblance to Josh Koscheck and focus on giving advice.
In two years (which isn't a whole lot of time), you've lost strength and gained bodyweight and inches around the waist. That's the opposite of progress, so we'll have to buckle down to get to your goals (which are definitely doable).
I'm not actually a fan of shooting for a certain bodyfat percentage, because the reading can vary based on who's doing the measuring, the "quality"/accuracy of the measurement, the method of measure, just too many variables. And in the end, will 9% bodyfat look drastically different than 11%? Not really, so it's pretty much a non-issue.
Get a picture in your head (or find a picture of someone reasonable) with a physique comparable to your goal, and work towards that. Along the way, plan on taking progress pictures and/or measurements every week or two to better chart your results.
As far as your current training, the combination of circuit training and running isn't really telling your body to build or retain lean muscle, so we want to switch to a more dedicated strength training plan to actually build the muscle we'll want to show off once you're done getting lean.
Your current routine is full of holes. Running a mile before you even touch a weight is counterproductive to building strength and size. Do you have to jog to that half-mile to get to the gym, or is there another way for you to get there?
And that type of circuit training is closer to "cardio with weights" than it is to a muscle-building routine.
Check out something like this plan from Dr. Clay Hyght:
It's four days of lifting, upper body twice a week and lower body twice a week. That'll get you on a much better path to building strength and muscle than your current lifting routine.
You could add one or two days of easy-ish cardio along the lines of your current running plan, either right after lifting or on some of the off days, but I'd keep at least one day of no cardio or lifting, just for recovery.
Something like that would help to build a better muscular foundation before you really start a dedicated fat loss plan, to make sure you'll have some serious muscle to show off once you do cut down.
Quick note about your deadlift: If you can get a video of you doing a few sets, you might want to toss it up here or in a new thread for some feedback. It's a crucial move that's totally worth learning to do.
For your nutrition, it sounds like you've got the right idea, but we can still tweak things a bit. I hear you on not having much of a grocery budget, but these two articles might help with some tips:
Munching on peanuts during the day would be a great idea if you were trying to put on more size, but since we're basically trying to lose bodyfat, try switching to something that at least has decent protein in it like beef jerky or hard boiled eggs.
It also sounds like, other than dinner, you don't get much protein during the day. That's going to make it near-impossible to add any muscle. Again, try to get a good-sized serving of protein in each meal. Maybe you can snag some extra goodies from the dining hall to stash in your room for later. Whatever, but you've got to find a way to have enough protein each day. I think there've been some threads here where college students talked about finding good eats on campus, I'll take a look for them.
I think that covers most of the broad strokes and biggest issues. Any other questions, toss 'em up.