T Nation

Injury Prevention

Do any of these injuries sound familiar?

Muscle strains
Shin splints
Low back pain
ACL injuries
Ankle Sprains
Dislocated Shoulder
Dislocated Hip

A sports injury is any bodily damage sustained during participation in competitive or non-competitive athletic activity. Sports injuries can affect bones or soft tissue (i.e., muscles, ligaments, tendons).

Sports injuries are identified as either acute or chronic. Acute sports injuries are characterized by the sudden appearance of symptoms, usually associated with a single traumatic incident. Signs and symptoms of acute sports injuries include pain, swelling, and deformity in the affected area, and in the case of joint injuries, limited ability to move the joint. Common acute sports injuries include sprains and strains, contusions (i.e., serious bruises), joint dislocations, bone fractures, and concussions.

Chronic sports injuries, also called overuse injuries, are identified with more gradual onset and are caused by repetitive light trauma to soft tissue or bone. Typically, pain and swelling worsen during athletic activity but decrease after the activity is stopped. Overuse injuries include tendonitis, bursitis, shin splints, and stress fractures.

The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates that, in 1998, there were over one million sports injuries among persons 35â??54 years old. Moreover, the number of sports injuries in this age group increased by one-third between 1991 and 1998. The CPSC believes that the rise in injuries is because of increased sports participation among baby boomers.

The CPSC National Electronic Injury Surveillance System also reports that over 3.5 million sports injuries in children younger than age 15 are treated at hospitals and clinics annually. Children are particularly vulnerable to sports injuries because their bones, muscles, and connective tissue have not fully matured, and because they have not yet developed mature neuromuscular coordination.
http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/sports-injuries-2BBBE

Here are some links that give more detail on each injury:

Muscle strain

Shin Splints
http://www.healthline.com/channel/shin-splints.html

http://www.hughston.com/hha/a.shin.htm

Lower Back Pain

ACL Injuries
http://www.hughston.com/hha/a_11_3_1.htm

http://www.sportsci.org/encyc/aclinj/aclinj.html

Ankle Sprains
www.rice.edu/~jenky/sports/ankle.sprain.html

http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/ankle-sprain.html

Dislocated Shoulder

http://www.hughston.com/hha/a.weight.htm

http://www.shoulder1.com/

Dislocated hip

http://www.mountsinai.org/Other/Diseases/Dislocated%20hip

Personal Experience:

After having shin splints 3 times, a sprained ankle, and a lot of muscle strains, I’ve found that rest is the best healer.

RICE
R-Rest
I-Ice
C-Compression
E-Elevation