No, it’s because Canada boarders the US and any country threatening the Canada would get a response from the US.
So a large portion of the Canadian “peace” is because they have a Pit Bull as a neighbor.
This is especially so with Canada, but it holds true for a very large portion of the industrialized world as well.
Many nations that boast of how they de-emphasize the military (most of Western Europe, for example) are either intellectually dishonest or foolish if they refuse to admit that they are able to do so in large part because of the knowledge that the U.S. military will answer the bell if they are truly in dire need of protection.
As to how this idea relates to the topic at hand: Let’s imagine how much higher the numbers for defense spending would be for other nations if they actually had to pay for their own defense force rather than letting the U.S. pay for it.[/quote]
Actually, this is especially not so with Canada. What is de facto being said here is that Canada enjoys peace because the US is not hostile towards it. Which is true, of course.
The argument works much better when it comes to Western Europe. Many countries have been able to count on americas help and many others have indirectly benefited from americas presence in Middle Europe. And as you certainly know, america has benefited from the arrangement, too. Sooner or later this arrangement must come to an end or change somehow, though. The world has changed.
It is clear that this kind of index can’t be entirely fair towards the US, and that wasn’t my point either (edit: to underline ratings). My point is that it is interesting never the less.