I presume that despite all of this fancy book-learnin' you still have not found the answers you seek.
You've been told this countless times on this site, but sometimes in this game, less thinking is more. Let go of the textbook answers, let go of the dogma that you've read and convinced yourself is true, and experiment on yourself. Learn by doing, not by analyzing every decision to death. Want to know if something works? Try it for 8 weeks and see if it gets you closer to your goal. If it has worked, great. If not, move on and try something else.
ThePunisher can and will say this more articulately than I have, but the truth is that many, many different approaches can get someone to the endpoint of a strong and/or muscular body, to the point where a lot of us on this forum have started to say that as long as the basics (working hard in the gym several times a week in the presence of sufficient nutrition) are fulfilled, the specifics of a program are in some ways the least important element. The most important thing is consistency and hard work.