I’ve read a study where (-)-epicatechin was found to inhibit myostatin, also a study where milk inhibited the uptake of anti-oxidants in tea, so maybe it’s better to not put it in protein shakes that contain milk.[/quote]
Yes, since (-)-epicatechin may inhibit myostatin, that’s why it’s suggestive that it may be beneficial to muscle-building (since myostatin has been shown to inhibit muscle growth). I believe further research is needed to prove anything conclusively though on the muscle-building benefits of (-)-epicatechin, even if the initial study or studies appear positive. As for the study on milk and tea, did it specifically analyze milk proteins (whey and casein) alone, as would exist in a protein shake like Metabolic Drive or a pure whey protein isolate? Or was it studying milk in general? There are many questions to ask about a study like that before it could be extrapolated to a very different group of nutrients. Not saying you’re wrong to be cautious or take note, but I’m not myself familiar with the study you’re mentioning so I can’t evaluate it one way or the other. I also realize that some people may add milk to a protein shake, though since I don’t it didn’t really occur to me to be a potential issue. So thanks for pointing that out![/quote]
I believe they did the study with green tea and added milk to it, further details i’m not sure of, also can’t seem to find the study anymore.
The Theobromine and Arginine in raw cacao and high % chocolate also make it great for pumps. The Theophylline opens up the airways which is also pretty good.