You're a beginner without a doubt. But that's definitely not a bad thing.
Are you considering day one of the P90x stuff when you started lifting?
Like Dagill said, those aren't goals, they're just ideas. Specific goals get achieved, vague ideas remain ideas. Set some concrete goals with timelines for bodyweight, leanness, and strength in specific lifts.
One of these things is not like the other. Kinda like saying "My favorite musicians are Metallica, the Rolling Stones, my cousin Jimmy when he plays kazoo, Frank Sinatra, and Run DMC."
You didn't, not by a longshot. So you can let that idea fall right out of your head. Don't sweat it.
Again, not exactly sure what you mean by "aesthetics", but you can certainly increase muscular size while building strength. When you eventually cut fat, that muscular size will be better displayed and you'll have the sexxy abs, horseshoe triceps, and all that good stuff.
But building that size has to come first. And size comes from eating. And eating properly is what a lot of guys get tripped up by.
For perspective, about how lean are you right now? Ab definition? Manly muffin top? Somewhere inbetween?
EDIT: Okay, gotcha. For reference though, Reg Park was 6'2" and in the 220s pretty lean. That's easily 20 to 30 pounds heavier than most fitness models. So, I'm getting even more confused.
I think your best bet is to do basically any well-designed program that has you lifting 3-5 days a week for 16 weeks, eat plenty of protein, carbs, and healthy fats to gain weekly bodyweight, and check your progress at the end.
More brainpower shouldn't be devoted to the training plan than gets devoted to the nutrition side of things.